IA Oreanda-News An international team of scientists has discovered a new type of antibiotic in the land of a rainforest. Researchers hope to use it as a basis for creating the so-called “plant probiotic.”
A new substance was discovered in the rainforest located in the southern Mexican state of Veracruz. Soil and roots of wild beans became the place of detection of the antibiotic. Scientists gave the name to the substance – phasolycin. It produces microbes that provide nitrogen to the roots of the plant, thereby the roots grow more stably. However, phasolycin has one feature – it is able to protect the plant from pathogenic microbes that are sensitive to phasolycin.
According to information provided by the lead author, professor at the Waxman Institute of Microbiology at Rutgers University and professor at the Skolkovo Institute of Science and Technology Konstantin Severinov, the substance found can be used as a “plant probiotic”. Fazolitsin is able to stop and eliminate the growth of pathogenic organisms in the roots of any crops. In general, the search for new substances that can resist antibiotics is one of the key areas for researchers, so it is so important to continue this search and create new antibacterial substances, the expert concluded.
The assumptions of scientists were confirmed by laboratory tests. The presence of fazolitsin was verified experimentally. In addition to the fact that scientists were able to decipher the structure of the antibiotic, they were also able to determine how phasolycin works. Studies have shown that sensitivity or susceptibility to an antibiotic can be controlled. For this, it is necessary to introduce mutations into the cellular structure of plants. In addition to the fact that phasolycin can be used as a “plant probiotic”, it is planned to use it in the synthesis of a number of new compounds of a similar class.