Experts said that smoke and combustion products from large-scale fires in Siberia can contribute to increase global warming and increase the rate of melting ice in the Arctic. Reports about it CBS News.
According to representatives of the World Meteorological Organization, soot and ash, settling on the ice, darkens it and reduces the albedo – the ability to reflect the sun’s rays. As a result, more heat is trapped on the surface, which accelerates the melting of Arctic glaciers and permafrost. At the same time, additional volumes of greenhouse gases are emitted, which exacerbates climate change and contributes to even stronger long-term fires.
Emissions of carbon dioxide due to the burning of large areas of forests are comparable to emissions of large cities. According to environmental organizations, in 2019, 12 million hectares of forest have burned down, which led to significant greenhouse gas emissions and a decrease in atmospheric carbon captured by trees.
Since early June, scientists have recorded more than a hundred forest fires within the boundaries of the Arctic Circle. In Russia, at least 11 regions were in flames. Although this natural disaster is not unusual, in recent years it has increased significantly, which experts have associated with global warming.